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:: Volume 20, Issue 12 (3-2016) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2016, 20(12): 1070-1085 Back to browse issues page
Complications of Emotional Regulation and Impulsivity in Symptoms of Eating Disorders
M Kachooei 1, A Fathi-Ashtiani2
1- Lifestyle Research Center, Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, , kachooei.m@gmail.com
2- Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4726 Views)

Background & aim: Eating disorders (EDs) are severe mental disorders which typically occur during young adulthood and are associated with high mortality. On the other hand, the prevalence of EDs has increased in recent years. Accordingly, identifying the predisposing factors of EDs is essential, which can be taken into account in developing interventional programs.The aim of the present research was to investigate the relationship of difficulties in emotion regulation and impulsivity with eating disorder symptoms.

Method: The research method used in the present study was correlation. A total number of 340 women from Tehran general population in 2015 participated in the study by convenient sampling method. The research instruments were Eating Disorders Diagnostic Scale (EDDS), Difficulties in Emotion Regulation (DERS), and Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11). Data was analyzed using Pearson Correlational Analysis and multiple regression analysis.

Results: Findings of the present study revealed that relationship of eating disorder symptoms with total scores of difficulties in emotion regulation (P<0.01) and impulsivity (P<0.01) were significant. Also there are significant relationship between most subscales of difficulties in emotion regulation including Non-acceptance (P<0.01), goals (P<0.01), Impulse (P<0.01), strategies (P<0.01), and clarity (P<0.01) with eating disorder symptoms. In the other hand, attentional impulsivity (P<0.01), motor impulsivity (P<0.01), and non-planning impulsivity (P<0.05) have significant relationship with eating disorder symptoms. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that both constructs of difficulties in emotion regulation and impulsivity are significant predictors of eating disorder symptoms. In terms of subscales, stepwise regression analysis also indicated that non-acceptance of negative emotions, limited access to effective emotion regulation strategies and attentional impulsivity can predict the eating disorder symptoms.

Conclusion: Overall, according to the results of the present study, it can be concluded that emotion regulation difficulties and impulsivity play a significant role in the etiology and maintenance of disordered eating. Therefore it can be useful to focus on these factors in prevention and treatment of eating disorders. It means that patients with eating disorders require a therapy that addresses adaptive emotion regulation skills and control of impulsive responding.  Future studies can explore effectiveness of different emotion regulation & impulse control skills in reducing symptoms.

 

Keywords: Eating Disorder, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation, Impulsivity
Full-Text [PDF 224 kb]   (1531 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2015/11/22 | Accepted: 2016/02/20 | Published: 2016/02/21
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Kachooei M, Fathi-Ashtiani A. Complications of Emotional Regulation and Impulsivity in Symptoms of Eating Disorders . Armaghane danesh. 2016; 20 (12) :1070-1085
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-1140-en.html


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Volume 20, Issue 12 (3-2016) Back to browse issues page
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