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:: Volume 27, Issue 5 (8-2022) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2022, 27(5): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Risk factors and clinical signs associated with giardia infection and its genotypes among people refered to health reference laboratory in Zahedan
Samaneh Abdolahi khabisi
Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran , samanekhabisi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (24 Views)
Background: Giardia lamblia is one of the most common and essential intestinal parasites that cause disease in many animals and humans. This parasite has eight assemblages and different genotypes, of which the most common human genotypes are AII and BIII. The risk factors of giardiasis and their relationship with the genotypes of this parasite are not well defined. Therefore, this study evaluated the association between risk factors and Giardia infection and its genotypes in people referred to a health reference laboratory in Zahedan.
Methods: In this retrospective study, the information questionnaire of 245 people who visited the health reference laboratory in Zahedan to diagnose giardia infection and its genotypes were used. Out of 245 samples, 80 samples had Giardia cysts. The genotypes of the infected samples have been determined using restriction fragment length polymorphism–polymerase chain reaction. The relationship of risk factors, demographic information, and clinical symptoms between Giardia infection and its genotypes were analyzed using chi-square tests, univariate and multivariate logistic regression models.
Results: A significant relationship was observed between Giardia genotypes and risk factors such as age under ten years, living in suburban areas, lack of hygienic standards, and clinical symptoms. The multivariable logistic regression model showed two risk factors age group under ten years (OR: 9.65%, 95% CI: 4.41-16.03) and living in suburban areas (OR: 8.28, 95% CI: 3.84-17.85) had a high risk of contracting giardiasis.
Conclusions: The age under ten years and living in suburban areas of Zahedan city are the most critical risk factors for contracting giardiasis. Also, a strong relationship between risk factors such as the age under ten years and living in suburban areas of Zahedan city, clinical symptoms, and genotype AII were observed, which makes effective measures to control and prevent this disease, especially in children and residents of the outskirts of the city, more necessary.

 
Keywords: Giardia, risk factor, genotype, Zahedan
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Parasitology
Received: 2022/07/26 | Accepted: 2022/09/20 | Published: 2022/09/20
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abdolahi khabisi S. Risk factors and clinical signs associated with giardia infection and its genotypes among people refered to health reference laboratory in Zahedan. ارمغان دانش. 2022; 27 (5)
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-3345-en.html


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Volume 27, Issue 5 (8-2022) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
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