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:: Volume 26, Issue 4 (9-2021) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2021, 26(4): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Measuring the Theory of Planned Behavior constructs for designing an intervention to promote the intention to quit hookah usage in Youth of Yasuj, Iran
Parivash Shayegan 1, Mohsen Shams2 , Narges Roustaei2 , Hamidreza Ghaffarian Shirazi2
1- School of Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran , badakhshanpari@gmail.com
2- School of Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (88 Views)
Background and Objectives: Smoking, especially hookah, is one of the major behavioral problems in the field of health, which has become more widespread among young people and adolescents in recent years. Despite the implementation of various programs to reduce this behavior in Iran, it seems that little attention has been paid to the use of behavioral patterns to design effective interventions in this area. The aim of this study was to design an intervention based on the theory of planned behavior on the intention to quit hookah among young people living in Yasuj, Iran.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study to assess the factors affecting the intention to quit hookah in young people living in Yasuj. 157 people aged 15 to 30 years old who referred to coffee houses and amusement gardens in the tourist area of ​​Yasuj waterfall were selected by available sampling method and a questionnaire measuring the structures of the theory of planned behavior was completed for them. After analyzing the collected data, and determining the predictive power of each structure, an appropriate intervention was designed.
Results: The highest frequency of study participants were men with a mean age of 24± 5 years, higher diploma education, and residents of urban areas. In more than 70% of the participants, the history of hookah use was mentioned among family members (brother and father, respectively, with the highest frequency). More than 96% of the participants had friends who smoked hookah and their average first age of hookah use was 17± 3 years. More than 63% of the participants mentioned coffee and coffee shops as the usual places for hookah use. Among the constructs of the theory of planned behavior, the predictive power of the perceived behavioral control construct for the intention to quit hookah use was higher than other constructs. Based on this finding, an intervention was designed including the production and installation of posters and labels containing the message of reinforcing perceived behavioral control.
Conclusion: Considering the small role of patterns and theories of behavioral change in reducing hookah use in Iran, it seems that interventions that are more predictive structures can have different effects than conventional programs.
Keywords: Youth, Hookah, Planned Behavior Theory, Behavior Intention
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational health
Received: 2020/10/10 | Accepted: 2021/08/4 | Published: 2021/09/6
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Shayegan P, Shams M, Roustaei N, Ghaffarian Shirazi H. Measuring the Theory of Planned Behavior constructs for designing an intervention to promote the intention to quit hookah usage in Youth of Yasuj, Iran. Armaghane danesh. 2021; 26 (4)
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2939-en.html


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Volume 26, Issue 4 (9-2021) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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