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:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (4-2013) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2013, 18(1): 31-43 Back to browse issues page
Antimicrobial activity of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.)
Z Izadi , SAM Modarres Sanavi 1, A Sorooshzadeh , M Esna-Ashari , P Davoodi
1- , modaresa@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2397 Views)
Abstract Background & aim: The essential oil of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) are frequently used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial effect of the essential oils of chamomile and chamomile and feverfew. Methods: This experimental study was conducted in 2012 at Hamedan University of Medical Sciences. Essential oils of two medicinal plants species including chamomile and feverfew were obtained by hydrodistillation their constituents were analyzed by GC and GC/MS using retention indices and fragmentation patterns. The antimicrobial effects (MIC and MBC) of the essential oils were assessed on a number of microorganisms including gram positive and gram negative bacteria by microdilution technique. The interaction of plant essential oils against microorganisms through differential inhibition index was also evaluated. Data were analyzed by Duncan's multiple range test statistic Results: The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the oils were 0.22-4 and 0.09-1 mg/mlfor chamomile and feverfew respectively. Moreover, the combination of the plants essential oils confirmed synergistic against L. monocytogenes, B. subtilis and B. cereus and additive activities against S. aureus, E. coli and S. typhimorium. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the application of these essential oils is recommended in combination as an efficients and complementary method for controlling microorganisms. Key words: Chamomile, Feverfew, Antimicrobial Effect
Keywords: Key words: Chamomile, Feverfew, Antimicrobial Effect
Full-Text [PDF 549 kb]   (1726 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/04/28 | Accepted: 2015/04/28 | Published: 2015/04/28
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Izadi Z, Modarres Sanavi S, Sorooshzadeh A, Esna-Ashari M, Davoodi P. Antimicrobial activity of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) and feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) . Armaghane danesh. 2013; 18 (1) :31-43
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-381-en.html


Volume 18, Issue 1 (4-2013) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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