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:: Volume 24, Issue 1 (4-2019) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2019, 24(1): 141-149 Back to browse issues page
A Child with Dandy Walker Syndrome: A Rare Case Report
R Rahmani Bilondi1 , R Rahmani Bilondi2, Z Irvani3, A Talayi Bajestani 4
1- Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- Nutrition Student in Research Committee, Zahdan, University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran,
3- Midwifery Student in Research Committee, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4- Midwifery Student in Research Committee, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran , amir451757@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2449 Views)
Background & aim: Dandy Walker syndrome is a rare congenital disorder which displays a wide range of symptoms due to intracranial abnormalities which is usually not diagnosed at birth, and the most important disorder of this disorder is the fourth ventricle of the brain and it is associated with a high incidence of disability and mental retardation. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, clinical protests, prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of a baby with Dandy Walker syndrome.
Case: The child was a 7-yaer-old boy with Dandy Walker Syndrome. The boy was the first child of the family. The parents had no familial relationship and no suffering from anomalies or chronic illness was observed. The mother had no sign of infection or kidney disease nor hypertention before or during pregnancy; besides, no drug was used during her pregnancy. In the baby's birth exam, the following were observed:  weight 2200 grams, height 43 cm, and head circumference 28, all of which were below 100%. In the 32nd week of gestation, due to microscopic sonography, the magnitude of the posterior cavity of the brain and the heart problem were diagnosed beyond the gestational age for legal abortion. Child suffering from seizures, hypotonia, microcephaly, large posterior fossa brain and heart problem which were diagnosed by Ultrasound Microcephaly prior to birth and at the moment the baby was suffering from mental retardation, movement problems, and growth disorders and is under the treatment with medication to control the seizures.
Conclusion: Dandy Walker's syndrome is a fetal abnormality which may occur without a family relationship and family history, and if diagnosed late in embryonic screening, a child is born which will suffer from physical, mental and mental disabilities for years, and there is no definitive treatment for it. Therefore, ultrasound screening of exact embryo in pregnant mothers without risk factors for fetal abnormalities is recommended.
Keywords: Dandy Walker Syndrome, Hydrocephalus, Microcephalus
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/03/6 | Accepted: 2019/03/6 | Published: 2019/03/6
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Rahmani Bilondi R, Rahmani Bilondi R, Irvani Z, Talayi Bajestani A. A Child with Dandy Walker Syndrome: A Rare Case Report. Armaghane danesh. 2019; 24 (1) :141-149
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2463-en.html

Volume 24, Issue 1 (4-2019) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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