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:: Volume 11, Issue 4 (1-2007) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2007, 11(4): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Sodium Valproate as an Adjunctive to Risperidone in Treatment of Schizophrenia
V Omrani Fard1, A Karbasi Amel, S Amanat
1- , bsrc @ mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (21128 Views)
ABSTRACT: Introduction & Objective: Although sodium valproate came to the market as an anticonvulsant drug, nowadays it is wildly used in the management of psychiatric disorders. It is used as a mood stabilizer and as an adjunctive agent in treatment of depression and psychosis. There are controversies regarding sodium valproate efficacy in psychosis. Although some studies have reported that it is effective in the management of positive symptoms and aggression in acute psychosis, others have not found such an association. This study aimed to investigate the effects of adjunctive sodium valproate in the pharmacological management of patients with schizophrenia. Materials & Methods: In a double blind clinical trial, in 2 mental health hospitals (Noor and Farabi) in Isfahan during the spring and summer of 2006, 32 schizophrenic patients (aged 18-65 years), who were in immediate need of admission, were randomly allocated into two groups. The first group was treated by combination of sodium valproate and risperidone and the other by combination of placebo and risperidone. A diagnosis of schizophrenia was established based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. All patients were assessed by PANSS on the 1st, 14th and 28th days of the admission. The collected data were analyzed by T Student and Paired T tests and repeated measure of ANOVA through SPSS. Results: Comparison of PANSS mean scores in two groups, before and after the trial, showed statistically significant differences. The reduction in PANSS score was significantly higher in the group treated with sodium valproate than in placebo group (p=0.006). Although, there was a statistically significant reduction in positive symptoms in both groups after 2 weeks of treatment (p=0.048), the difference was not significant in the fourth week. Conclusion: Our study shows that if used as an adjunct to antipsychotic in the management of acute psychosis, sodium valproate will speed up the recovery of positive sysmptoms.
Keywords: KEYWORDS:Schizophrenia, Sodium Valproate, Risperidone
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/2 | Accepted: 2015/06/2 | Published: 2015/06/2
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Omrani Fard V, Karbasi Amel A, Amanat S. Sodium Valproate as an Adjunctive to Risperidone in Treatment of Schizophrenia . ارمغان دانش. 2007; 11 (4) :1-8
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-695-en.html

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Volume 11, Issue 4 (1-2007) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
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