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:: Volume 28, Issue 5 (9-2023) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2023, 28(5): 732-742 Back to browse issues page
Investigating the Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries and its Related Factors in Children aged 3-6 Years in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province in 2019
L Manzouri1 , Z Hashemi 2, E Azhadahakosh3 , H Nikbakht3 , M Parniani3
1- Research Center for Social Factors Affecting Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran,
2- Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, , hashemi_kh11@yahoo.com
3- Student Research Committee, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (605 Views)
Background & aim: Early childhood caries is one of the most common health problems, and numerous factors play a role in its onset and progression. Investigating these factors and providing timely training for parents can play an important role in controlling the disease. The present study aimed at determining the prevalence of early childhood caries and its related factors in children aged 3-6 years in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province in 2019.

Methods: In the present cross-sectional descriptive-analytical, 565 children aged 3 to 6 years from kindergartens and preschool centers in the cities of Yasuj, Dehdasht and Gachsaran located at Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, Iran, were selected and included in the study using a multi-stage cluster random sampling method. The caries diagnosis was done by 3 dental students (one dentist in each city). Collecting demographic data and factors related to premature dental caries was done using a checklist. The collected data were analyzed using Chi-square statistical tests and logistic regression.

Results: Mean age of children was 5.03± 0.94.  Out of 565 children, 306(54.2%) were boy and 259(45.8%) were girl. 75% of children had early childhood dental caries. Mean of dmft was 5.13 ± 3.69. There was a statistically significant relationship between early childhood dental caries and employment status of mothers (p<0.0001), and fathers (p<0.0001). Early childhood dental caries was less frequent in children whose mothers were housewives and more frequent in children with unemployed fathers. There was correspondingly a significant relationship between early childhood dental caries and the onset of brushing in a child (p = 0.001), doing or not failing to do fluoride therapy (p = 0.0001), frequency of feeding with sweets between meals (p = 0.04), the time of the first dental visit (p = 0.002), and mothers’ education (p = 0.01). In logistic regression analysis, it was indicated that the father’s age (OR = 1.12, CI95% OR = 1.04-1.24, p=0.003), fluoride therapy status (OR = 4.26, CI95% OR = 1.97-9.18, p=0.0001), and dmft (OR = 2.05, CI95% OR = 1.76-2.4, p=0.0001) were predictors of early childhood dental caries.

Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of early childhood caries in children aged 3-6 years, conducting educational interventions to increase parents' awareness of how to prevent early childhood carries, including the use of fluoride varnish, toothpaste containing fluoride, the correct way to brush teeth under the supervision of parents, counseling Diet, proper feeding of the child and avoiding excessive feeding of the child during the night and the first dental visit of the child are necessary.

 
Keywords: Prevalence, Early childhood caries, Children, Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 414 kb]   (103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Dentistry
Received: 2023/01/21 | Accepted: 2023/07/18 | Published: 2023/09/9
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Manzouri L, Hashemi Z, Azhadahakosh E, Nikbakht H, Parniani M. Investigating the Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries and its Related Factors in Children aged 3-6 Years in Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province in 2019. armaghanj 2023; 28 (5) :732-742
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-3427-en.html


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Volume 28, Issue 5 (9-2023) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
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