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:: Volume 20, Issue 11 (2-2016) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2016, 20(11): 996-1010 Back to browse issues page
Effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Carum copticum on withdrawal syndrome in adult rats addicted to morphine
A Honarvar1, H Delaviz1, M Jafari Barmak1, A Roozbehi 2
1- Yasuj Univesity of MedicalSciences
2- Yasuj Univesity of MedicalSciences , amroozbehi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4608 Views)

Background & Aim: Long-term useofopioidcreates toleranceandphysical and psychologicaldependence. Discontinuation of the drug, creating ashortageofendogenousopioidsandwithdrawal syndromeemerges.Addictiontreatmentin traditional medicine isusing ofherbssuch asCarumcopticumthathas manytherapeutic effects. The purpose of thisstudy was to evaluatethe effects of hydro-alcoholic extractof Carumcopticum onwithdrawalsyndromein adult ratsaddictedto morphine.

Material & Method: In this study70male Wistarratsdividedinto seven groups of 10, six groups were addicted by morphinesulfateinjection (the first 5days10 mg/kg, the second 5days15 mg/kg andon the dayfrom11 to21, 20mg/kg) subcutaneouslyfor 21 days.Groups three, four and five were fed respectively 10%, 20% Carumcopticum extract and methadone (mg/kg 5) after addiction of animals until the end of period. Groups sixandseven were given respectively10%and 20% of Carumcopticumextractfrom the beginning to the end of treatment period orally.Group one(control) andGrouptwo (morphine) were fed daily 0.5 mL of saline orally to the end of the treatment period (day 21to 35).Datacollected from body weight, jumping, itchingand diarrhea ofanimals wereanalyzedby SPSS software, using Unpaired T test, ANOVA and LSD as post-hoc statistical tests.

Finding: Comparing the mean of weight loose ofthe animals in different treatmentgroupson day21with 35showed statistical significant reduction in the group that received extract of Carumcopticum 10%. On the day 21,itchingand jumping, in the group that received extract of Carumcopticum 10%,and the diarrhea, in the group that receivedthe extract ofCarumcopticum20%compared withthe control groupshoweda significant decrease(P<0.05).On day35,Jumping and diarrheain thegroupsreceived theextract ofCarumcopticum10 and 20percent comparedwith the control groupshoweda significant decrease(P<0.05).

Conclusion: According to the results, hydro-alcoholic extract of carumcopticum inconcentration of 10and 20percent are effectivein reducingwithdrawal syndromeofmorphine as like as methadone.Perhapsitcan be usedas an alternative tomethadoneinaddictiontoreducepainfulwithdrawalsyndromeand freed from the side effects ofmethadone.This suggestionneeds a widerinvestigation.

Keywords: Withdrawal syndrome, Carum copticum, morphine, methadone, Addiction
Full-Text [PDF 233 kb]   (1255 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/07/26 | Accepted: 2015/12/14 | Published: 2016/01/23
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honarvar A, delaviz H, Jafari Barmak M, Roozbehi A. Effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Carum copticum on withdrawal syndrome in adult rats addicted to morphine. Armaghane danesh. 2016; 20 (11) :996-1010
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-980-en.html

Volume 20, Issue 11 (2-2016) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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