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:: Volume 11, Issue 2 (7-2006) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2006, 11(2): 63-71 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Citrullus colocynthis in Normoglycemic and Streptozocine (STZ) Induced Diabetic Male Rats
MR Nikbakht, I Gheatasi 1
1- , Izadg@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2737 Views)
Introduction & Objective: Adverse side effects of chemical drugs for treatment of diabetes persuaded the using of medical plants. Citrullus colocynthis is a plant which has been used traditionally for treatment of diabetes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hydroalcholic extract of Citrullus colocynthis fruit on normoglycemic and streptozocine induced diabetic rats. Materials & Methods: 45 male Wistar rats weighing, 250-350 gr, have been selected and randomly divided in seven groups. Group1 without any drugs usage, group 2 that received normal saline (IV) and distilled water (oral), group 3 received only streptozocine (IV), group 4 received only the extract of Citrullus colocynthis (1000 mg/kg), groups 5, 6 and 7 received 500, 1000 and 1500 mg/kg of Citrullus colocynthis extract after injection of STZ and induction of diabetes. Diabetes was induced by intravenous injection (45 mg/kg) of STZ. Blood sampling was provided directly from animal heart and blood sugar was measured. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software using students t-test and ANOVA. Results: Mean of normal blood sugar in control group was 156.5±15.7 mg/dl which defined as normal blood sugar. Streptozocine significantly increased blood sugar (p<0.05). The Citrullus colocynthis extract with 500 mg/kg dosage has not significantly reduced the blood sugar but is dosage of 1000 and 1500 mg/kg significantly decreased the blood sugar in a dose-dependent mode (p<0.05). Results also showed that the extract in dosage of 1000 mg/kg did not have a significant effect on normoglycemic animals. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that the extract of Citrullus colocynthis fruit dose-dependently reduced the blood glucose level in streptozocine-induced diabetic rats but did not have significant effect on normal blood sugar.
Keywords: Diabetes, Streptozocin, Citrullus colocynthis, Blood sugar, Male Rat
Full-Text [PDF 172 kb]   (707 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/6 | Accepted: 2015/06/6 | Published: 2015/06/6
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Nikbakht M, Gheatasi I. Evaluation of the Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Citrullus colocynthis in Normoglycemic and Streptozocine (STZ) Induced Diabetic Male Rats . Armaghane danesh. 2006; 11 (2) :63-71
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-730-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 2 (7-2006) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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