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:: Volume 27, Issue 3 (4-2022) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2022, 27(3): 282-290 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Topical Aqueous and Alcoholic Extracts of Opium Against Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: in Animal Model (Balb/c)
A Moshfe1 , P Haghparast1, A Saadatnia2, N Arefkhah 3
1- Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
3- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran , nassir162@gmail.com
Abstract:   (144 Views)
Background & aim: Given that an effective vaccine is not available against leishmaniasis, along with the side effects of current drugs and the emergence of resistance to treatment, researchers are seeking more effective, safe and low-cost natural compounds. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anti-leishmaniasis effect of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of opium with concentration 10% on lesion of Leismania major in BALB/c mice.
 
Methods: In the present study, thirty male BALB/c mice, 6–8 weeks of age were injected subcutaneously in tail-base with Leismania major amastigotes. They were randomly divided into five groups (n=6 per group). Two groups (aqueous and alcoholic extracts of opium with the concentration of 10%) as experimental and three as control (Eucerin ointment, Glucantime and Control, which were infected but not treated). Treatment started when the CL lesions were appeared and continued for 14 days. The diameter of the lesion was measured and the differences in the mean lesion size were assayed by paired t-test, two-way ANOVA and tokay post-hoc tests.
 
Findings: Statistical analysis indicated significant difference (P<0.05) between treated groups in terms of wound diameters. The group treated with glucantime had the smallest wound diameter. The wound sizes of otherwise treated mice with alcoholic and aqueous extracts with concentration 10% and eucerin ointment were smaller than those of control mice without any treatment with statistically significant (P<0.05).
 
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that despite of the effect of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of opium on L. major in vivo, the mean wound size of mice infected with Leishmania major was less effective than glucantime. It is suggested that more studies be performed with the above extracts in different concentrations, along with nano carriers and in combination with other plant extracts.
 
 
 
Keywords: Alcoholic and aqueous extracts of opium, Cutaneous leishmaniasis, BALB/c mice
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2021/11/19 | Accepted: 2022/05/17 | Published: 2022/05/18
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Moshfe A, Haghparast P, Saadatnia A, Arefkhah N. The Effect of Topical Aqueous and Alcoholic Extracts of Opium Against Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: in Animal Model (Balb/c). ارمغان دانش. 2022; 27 (3) :282-290
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-3207-en.html


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Volume 27, Issue 3 (4-2022) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
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