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:: Volume 25, Issue 2 And ضمیمه1 (5-2020) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2020, 25(2 And ضمیمه1): 381-391 Back to browse issues page
Underlying Depression and Related Factors in Riding-Car Drivers at Yasuj Trauma Center
M Tahmasebi1 , SH Kharamin2 , SH Salaminia 3, S Bahrebar4
1- Department of Emergency Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
3- Department of Cardiac Surgery, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran , ssalaminia@gmail.com
4- Student Research Committee, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.
Abstract:   (3060 Views)
Background & aim: Human errors, which can be caused by factors such as mental and personality conditions, are the most important factors causing irreparable loss of life and property in traffic accidents. Depression is one of the most common and complex medical and social issues, and if left untreated, it can affect a person's abilities. The aim of this study was to determine and investigate the prevalence of background depression and related factors in drivers of passenger cars with an accident, Trauma Center.
Methods:The present study was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study of 195 drivers with a car accident in the first half of 2018 at Shahid Beheshti Hospital. Demographic information was collected by a questionnaire and depression was collected by a Beck questionnaire. The questionnaire took an average of 10 minutes to complete. The questionnaire was conducted by a physician who was familiar with the interview. The presence and severity of depression were measured based on this questionnaire and based on the score obtained from the Beck test in the category of very mild or normal depression (grades 1 to 10), mild (11 to 16), borderline and need for counseling (17 to 20), moderate or they were depressed (21 to 30), severely depressed (31 to 40) and overly depressed (41 to 63). Version 3.6.1 R software was used to analyze the data. Based on the type of data collected, statistical tests were used for student analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirinov, Spearman, Mann Whitney, Croscale Wallis, Fisher's meta-analysis or accurate test for analysis.
Results: The results indicated that the average age of drivers was 37.6 years. 55.36% of the study population were married, 46.67% had a university degree, 89.33% of the study population had a normal and low level of economic satisfaction and more than 60% of them did not have job satisfaction. The average depression score was based on the Beck 16 questionnaire, and only 28% of drivers were depressed and healthy, and about 14.36 percent had an alcohol consumption culture.
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicated that the prevalence of depression in drivers in Yasuj was high, out of 9 factors studied, only four factors of smoking, alcohol consumption, economic status and job satisfaction showed a significant correlation between depression and depression. Contrary to popular belief and culture that alcohol is not consumed, consumption among drivers with accidents was widespread.

Keywords: Depression, Drivers, Passenger cars
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Occupational Health
Received: 2019/10/9 | Accepted: 2020/02/15 | Published: 2020/05/27
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Tahmasebi M, Kharamin S, Salaminia S, Bahrebar S. Underlying Depression and Related Factors in Riding-Car Drivers at Yasuj Trauma Center. ارمغان دانش. 2020; 25 (2) :381-391
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2628-en.html

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Volume 25, Issue 2 And ضمیمه1 (5-2020) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
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