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:: Volume 24, Issue 6 (12-2019) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2019, 24(6): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Frequency of CTX-M-1 gene in Escherichia coli isolates of ESBL-producing enzyme in clinical samples by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in Yasuj
Z Khishvan, S Khoram rooz, A Sharifi, AM Khosravani 1, S.m Tabatabaei
1- , Khosravani2us@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (612 Views)
Introduction and objective: Resistance to β-lactam antibiotics in the clinical isolates, in most cases is caused by β-lactamase enzymes. In recent years, The incidence of broad-spectrum β-lactamase enzymes (ESBLs) among clinical isolates especially E.coli is greatly increased, since the β-lactamase have several subfamilies, using universal primers designed to detect the following complete families could be useful. β-lactamase producing enzymes (ESBLs) of E. coli has created many problems for patients. β-lactamase CTX-M-1 gene is the cause of resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate CTX-M-1gene in E.coli.
Materials & Methods: In this practical study, susceptibility of isolated bacteria to 13 antibiotics were indicated by disk diffusion method according to CLSI guidelines and strains were analyzed for the presence of widespread β-lactamase enzymes via two-disc synergy method. . Thus، The prevalence of CTX-M1 ESBL gene samples were determined using PCR and the data were analyzed using ANOVA.
Results: A total of 200 isolates of E.coli were isolated. The presence of CTX-M-1 gene were also isolated using the PCR method.  From 200 strains studied, 62 (31%), of strains produced ESBL. After  PCR processing of 62 produced ESBL, 43 isolates (69.4%)  were identified as CTX-M-1 genes..  
Conclusion:The results of this study showed the high percentage of β-lactamase resistance among of E.coli strains. This is a serious public hazard that should be pointed out to measures for preventing this hazard..
Keywords: E.coli, ESBL, PCR, CTXM1
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Microbiology
Received: 2018/02/3 | Accepted: 2019/12/15 | Published: 2020/01/12
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Khishvan Z, Khoram rooz S, sharifi A, Khosravani A, tabatabaei S. Frequency of CTX-M-1 gene in Escherichia coli isolates of ESBL-producing enzyme in clinical samples by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in Yasuj. Armaghane danesh. 2019; 24 (6)
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2100-en.html

Volume 24, Issue 6 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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