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:: Volume 20, Issue 11 (2-2016) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2016, 20(11): 962-971 Back to browse issues page
Effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing on Anxiety in Children with Thalassemia in a 12-month follow up
A Shahnavazi 1, M Behnammoghadam2, N Abdi2, Kh Rigi3, E Allahyari4, F Bakhshi5, A Peighan1, A Behnammoghadam6
1- 1Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Iranshahr University of Medial Scieneces, Iranshahr, Iran.
2- Department of Critical Care Group, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
3- 3Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery School, Iranshahr University of Medial Scieneces, Iranshahr , Iran.
4- Department of Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Iranshahr University of Medial Scieneces, Iranshahr, Iran.
5- Student Research Committee, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Yasuj, Iran
6- 7 Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad university, Science and Research Branch yasuj, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (3607 Views)

Background and  Objective: Thalassemia is the most common genetic diseases in the world and especially in our country. For many reasons, including chronic disease, health care costs, the expected mortality Ray disease states such as anxiety, psychological and social problems in thalassemia. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on anxiety of children with thalassemia in a 12-month follow up..

 Methods: It was a clinical trial study, which was performed on 60 patients with Thalassemia in 2013-2014. A total of 60 thalassemic patients based on Beck anxiety inventory, selected using sampling and were randomly divided into experimental and Control groups. in experimental group, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy was perfomed in five sessions and The control group received no intervention. In order to collect information on demographic questionnaire and Beck Anxiety Inventory were used. data were gathered on anxiety symptoms at pretreatment, posttreatment and 12 month follow up and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, repeated measures and chi square.

Results: The average age of the participants was 15.22±1.93  years old. This study shows that the mean or average level of anxiety children with thalassemia in the experimental group before and after intervention and in a 12-month follow up group 34.73 ± 5.62, 19.90 ± 2.48 and 19.23 ± 2.48 respectively; repeated measures ANOVA showed significant statistical difference (p<0.001).

Mean  of anxiety symptoms in before , after intervention and 12 month follow up in control group was 34.93± 5.69 , 34.53± 5.61 and 33.86±5.83 respectively, which using with  repeated measures ANOVA did not show significant difference (p>.05)

Conclusion: This study shows that Method of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing as an alternative method to treat or reduce anxiety, aggressive children with thalassemia .Trained Nurses can use this new method is effective in the treatment of anxiety.

Keywords: Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, anxiety and thalassemia, Follow up
Full-Text [PDF 194 kb]   (1279 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursery- Psychology
Received: 2015/10/31 | Accepted: 2016/01/15 | Published: 2016/01/23
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Shahnavazi A, behnammoghadam M, Abdi N, Rigi K, Allahyari E, Bakhshi F, et al . Effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing on Anxiety in Children with Thalassemia in a 12-month follow up. Armaghane danesh. 2016; 20 (11) :962-971
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-1114-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 11 (2-2016) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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