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:: Volume 10, Issue 37 (4-2005) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2005, 10(37): 59-69 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Different Occupations and Risk Factors of Heart Diseases
F Rang- Amiz 1, M Boshtam, R Ansar, A Yazdani
1- , R_ansari@crc.mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3637 Views)
ABSTRACT: Introduction & Objective: Cardiovascular diseases have been known as the first cause of morbidity and mortality in Iran and many other countries. The noise of workplace and the shift work are among the risk factors of these diseases. This study was conducted to assess the relationship between different occupations and risk factors of heart diseases. Materials & Methods: This study was done on 4872 men and women, ageed over 19, in Isfahan. For each subject a questionnaire was filled in order to collect necessary information about the anthropometric characteristics and some cardiovascular risk factors and clinical tests were done in order to determine the status of participants' blood factors. Men were divided according to the noise of workplace and the shift work nonـ shift work, and women were divided based on whether they were housekeepers or not. Results: Results of this study showed that in men with highـnoise workplace, the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia (p=0.02) and hypertension (p=0.01) was more than others but there was not any significant difference in other risk factors. Also in subjects with shift work, the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia (p=0.03) and obesity (p=0.001) was high whereas there was not any significant difference in other risk factors. In housekeeping women mean value of waist circumference (p=0.001), body mass index BMI (p=0.000) serum triglyceride (p=0.000), cholesterol (p=0.0001), LDL cholesterol (p=0.001), 2hpp (p=0.001), diastole blood pressure (p=0.001), systole blood pressure (p=0.01) and also the prevalence of obesity (p=0.0001), high LDL cholesterol (p=0.001), hypertriglyceridemia (p=0.001), hypercholesterolemia (p=0.0001) and hypertension (p=0.003) were significantly higher than those in employed women. Conclusion: Considering the result of this study, the noise of workplace causes increase in the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension and the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia and obesity increased because of the shift work. It seems that two factors of noise and shift work cause these changes by inducing stress. Housekeepers had a high level of most of the CVD risk factors in comparison with employed women. It seems that two factors of noise and shift work by producing stress and reduction of physical activity in housekeepers can prone the subject to CVD.
Keywords: KEYWORDS:Noise, Shift work, Occupational stress, Cardiovascular diseases, Risk factors
Full-Text [PDF 157 kb]   (785 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/10 | Accepted: 2015/06/10 | Published: 2015/06/10
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Rang- Amiz F, Boshtam M, Ansar R, Yazdani A. The Relationship between Different Occupations and Risk Factors of Heart Diseases. Armaghane danesh. 2005; 10 (37) :59-69
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-807-en.html


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Volume 10, Issue 37 (4-2005) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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