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:: Volume 26, Issue 2 (4-2021) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2021, 26(2): 248-257 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Group Therapy Based on DSM-5 Personality Type Training on Reducing Marital Conflicts
A Hosseini Motlagh1 , AR Heydarzadeh2, Z Mullah Ali * 3, MJ Farahbakhsh4
1- Department of Environmental Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Department of Education, Tehran University of Art, Tehran, Iran
3- Departments of Clinical Psychology, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran, , dr.farahbakhsh55@gmail.com
4- Departments of Islamic Education, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
Abstract:   (432 Views)
Background & aim: Marital conflicts are a common problem among young couples. Many visits to psychological centers are due to marital conflicts each year. Lack of knowledge of communication skills, affectionate styles, insufficient knowledge of the spouse's personality traits are among the factors that cause conflicts. The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of the treatment group based on the training of DSM- 5 personality types on reducing marital conflicts.
 
Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental survey with a pre and post-test without control group design. The statistical population of the study was 16 couples who referred to the group therapy announcement in the fall of 2019 to reduce marital conflicts. The participants were from high social and economic classes of the society and their level of education was bachelor and higher. At first, couples answered the test of marital conflict. Then, the personality types were trained in 8 sessions, each session lasting 1 hour. Members were assessed before and after training with the Sanai Marital Conflict Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using dependent t-test.
 
Results: The results indicated that group training of personality types is effective in reducing marital conflicts. A significant difference was seen between the mean of pre-test and post-test data (p <002 and 4.71) (t = 13) so that the overall mean of marital conflicts of members was significantly lower after the treatment group than the mean of their conflicts before the group. Has been therapeutic. There is a significant difference in all subscales of marital conflicts after group training (p <0.05) with the exception of subscale to attract child support and increase relationships with relatives.
 
Conclusion: Thus, it can be concluded that increasing the couple's awareness of each other's personality type and recognizing their strengths and weaknesses can be an effective step in reducing marital conflicts. Also, the couple's desire increased after learning about cognitive types to follow individual therapy sessions and resolve intra-psychological conflicts.
 
 
Keywords: Therapeutic Group, Personality Types, Marital Conflicts
Full-Text [PDF 784 kb]   (83 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2020/06/16 | Accepted: 2021/05/1 | Published: 2021/05/5
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Hosseini Motlagh A, Heydarzadeh A, Mullah Ali Z, Farahbakhsh M. The Effectiveness of Group Therapy Based on DSM-5 Personality Type Training on Reducing Marital Conflicts. Armaghane danesh. 2021; 26 (2) :248-257
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2823-en.html


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Volume 26, Issue 2 (4-2021) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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