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:: Volume 26, Issue 2 (4-2021) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2021, 26(2): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
The effect of exercise intensity and saffron supplementation on the response of insulin and adipokine resistance markers in obese and overweight women
Bahman Hasanvand 1, Yaghoub Mehrialvar , Hesam Parsa2 , Ali Heydarian2 , Fahime Erfani2
1- university of khoramabad branch azad , hasanvand121@gmail.com
2- university of boualisina
Abstract:   (145 Views)
Background & Aims: Adipose tissue is not just a source of excess energy storage, but an endocrine organ that regulates biological functions by endocrine role by releasing adipokines that act like real hormones. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise intensity and saffron supplementation on the response of adipokines to insulin resistance markers in obese and overweight women.
Materials & Methods: The present research method is quasi-experimental. Among obese and overweight women using G-Power software, 42 obese women with a body mass index above 25 were selected in a purposeful and accessible manner and randomly divided into six groups of intense intermittent exercise, continuous exercise, control, Intense intermittent exercise with saffron supplement, continuous exercise with saffron supplement and saffron supplement group were divided. After the initial sampling, the intervention groups worked for eight weeks. In order to eliminate the response of the last training session, blood sampling was performed 48 hours after the last training session. All data analysis was performed at a significance level of P≤0.05 with analysis of covariance.
Results: There was a significant difference in the variables of weight, body mass index and fat percentage between the control group and training interventions and saffron (P<0.005). In the irizin variable, the results showed that there was a significant difference between periodic exercise + saffron, endurance + saffron with the control group (P=0.001). But there was no significant difference between the periodic training group + saffron and the endurance + saffron group (P= 0.9). In the lipocalin variable, the results showed that there was a significant difference between training interventions and saffron (except endurance training intervention) with the control group. The results also showed that there was no significant difference between the periodic training group + saffron and the intense periodic training group (P=0.7). The results also showed that there was no significant difference between the endurance group (P=0.1) and saffron (P=0.9) in the LDL variable compared to the control group. In the HDL variable, the only group that was significantly different from the control group was the intense periodic exercise group + saffron (P=0.03). In the cholesterol variable, the only group that was significantly different from the control group was the intense periodic exercise group + saffron (P=0.003). There was a significant difference in the triglyceride variable of the severe periodic group + saffron (P=0.001) and also the severe periodic group (P=0.03) with the control group. There is a significant difference in insulin and insulin resistance between all groups (except saffron) and the control group (P=0.001). The results also showed that there was no significant difference between insulin changes and insulin resistance between any of the exercise interventions (P=0.9). There was no significant difference in glucose between any of the groups (P=0.9).
Discussion and Conclusion: Saffron and higher intensity activity can have regulatory effects on the bodychr('39')s metabolic balance: The use of saffron and exercise improves the serum lipid profile and ultimately leads to improved insulin resistance.
Keywords: High frequency intermittent exercise, endurance training, insulin resistance, glucose, obesity
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Sport Physiology
Received: 2020/04/10 | Accepted: 2021/04/21 | Published: 2021/05/8
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hasanvand B, mehrialvar Y, parsa H, heydarian A, erfani F. The effect of exercise intensity and saffron supplementation on the response of insulin and adipokine resistance markers in obese and overweight women. Armaghane danesh. 2021; 26 (2)
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2762-en.html


Volume 26, Issue 2 (4-2021) Back to browse issues page
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