:: Volume 19, Issue 10 (1-2015) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2015, 19(10): 817-827 Back to browse issues page
The effect of Iron Folic Acid Supplementation and Dietary Iron Intake in High Schools Female Students
Abstract:   (10330 Views)
Background & aim: Iron deficiency is one of the major public health problems imposing significant effect on the body and mind which has negative impacts on humans’ capability of. Increasing demand of the body, inadequate intake and decrease of absorbency are the major causes of anemia among teenage girls. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary iron folic acid supplementation and dietary iron intake in high school girls. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on sixty female high school students at grade one and three in Yasuj, Iran. Biochemical markers of iron status were measured beforehand and afterwards of folic acid supplementation for 16 weeks. Food consumption patterns and iron intake were determined by frequency questionnaires. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, t-test by means of N4 analysis software. Results: Anemia, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in grade one were 9.7%, 32.3% and 9.9% respectively, in addition to in grade three were 19.4% , 41.9% and 3.2% respectively. After iron folic acid supplementation, these indicators were 9.7%, 16.1% and 3.3% in grade one and in grade three were 9.7%, 22.6%, 0.0% respectively. Conclusion: Overall, it appeared that weekly iron folic acid supplementation in duration of 16 weeks per year, with dietary modification, could improve the indices of blood in high school girls. Key words: Anemia, iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, iron folic acid supplementation
Keywords: Anemia, iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, iron folic acid supplementation
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/01/27 | Accepted: 2015/01/27 | Published: 2015/01/27

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Volume 19, Issue 10 (1-2015) Back to browse issues page