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:: Volume 17, Issue 2 (6-2012) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2012, 17(2): 139-148 Back to browse issues page
Correlation Between Periodontal Disease during Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight and Preterm Delivery
M Faezi , S Farhadi 1, A Vakili
1- , dr.sfarhadi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1426 Views)
Background & Aim: Due to various medical complications and high prevalence of periodontal disease in our society, the present study was designed for assessment of correlation between periodontal disease during pregnancy and low birth weight and preterm delivery. Methods: In this case-control study, the periodontal status of 50 women with infants who had less than 2500 gr birth weight and 100 matched control counterparts were evaluated at 2007-2008 in Akbarabadi and Mahdieh hospitals in Tehran. The periodontal parameters of GI, PI, CPI and probing depth indices were assessed on 6 teeth of Ramford index. The data were analyzed using Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U and logistic regression tests. Results: PD index was 0-3 mm in 90.0% of cases and 85.0% of controls with no significant differences. In 2.0% cases, GI was poor, in 34.0% was fair and good in 64.0% the rates were 3.0%, 34.0% and 63.0% in controls with no significant differences (p>0.93). CPI index was poor in 8.0% of cases, fair in 30.0% and good in 62.0% while it was poor in 3.0%, fair in 33.0% and good in 64.0% of control subjects with no significant differences (p>0.63). PI index was poor in 4.0%, fair in 32.0% and good in 64.0% of cases with no significant differences vs. control groups (p>0.68). However, the incidence of preterm birth had significant difference between two groups (P<0.0001). Conclusion: In this study, no significant correlation was observed between periodontal disease parameters and low birth weight of infants. However periodontal disease parameters may be correlated with preterm birth.
Keywords: Periodontal, Preterm delivery, Infant
Full-Text [PDF 488 kb]   (1153 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/04/26 | Accepted: 2015/04/26 | Published: 2015/04/26
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Faezi M, Farhadi S, Vakili A. Correlation Between Periodontal Disease during Pregnancy and Low Birth Weight and Preterm Delivery. Armaghane danesh. 2012; 17 (2) :139-148
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-301-en.html

Volume 17, Issue 2 (6-2012) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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