:: Volume 22, Number 1 (4-2017) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2017, 22(1): 87-103 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Hypnosis Therapy Pain Self-Efficacy and Pain Severity in Girls with Primary Dysmenorrhea
F Farshbaf Manei Sefat 1, A Abolghasemi2, U Barahmand3, N Hajloo3
1- Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran, , maneisefat@yahoo.co.in
2- Department of Psychology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Department of Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran,
Abstract:   (482 Views)
Background & aim: Menstruation as an important issue in adolescence and menstrual pain is a common problem in adolescents. Regarding the relationship between pain severity and  pain self-efficacy, this study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy and hypnosis therapy on pain and pain self-efficacy in girls with primary dysmenorrhea.
Methods: The method of research is Quasi experimental and research design is pretest- posttest with control group. The study population included all second high school girls with primary dysmenorrhea in Ardabil city on 2015. a sample of 1,600 girls was screened by multi-stage cluster sampling method. After checking of entry criteria, 75 of those were assigned in 3 groups (two experimental groups and one control group) randomly. Self-efficacy questionnaire, visual analogue and scale Researcher- made questionnaire was used for collection data in pre-test and post-test stage. In order to collect data on pre and post grading, visual analog scale pain self-efficacy and self-administered questionnaire was used. For experimental groups, Pain control training based on cognitive-behavioral approach and self-hypnotism training was executed at 10 sessions in 45 minutes whereas control groups was in waiting list. Data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and multivariate analysis of covariance, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U.
Results: According to the chi Eta in one way covariance analysis The effectiveness of therapies on pain self-efficacy was 49 percent. There was no significant difference between cognitive behavioral group and hypnotherapy on pain self-efficacy justified mean with Bonferroni correction but there was significant difference between cognitive behavioral group and control group and between hypnotherapy group and control group on pain self-efficacy justified mean. The results of Kruskal Wallis showed that there is significant difference between 3 groups in pain severity. For comparison amongs groups, U-Mann Whitney index showed that the pain severity reduced significantly in cognitive behavioral and hypnotherapy group compared with control group and hypnotherapy which is More effective than cognitive behavioral therapy.
Conclusion: Cognitive behavioral therapy and hypnotherapy are effective in increased pain self-efficacy and reducing pain severity in girls with primary dysmenorrhea.
Keywords: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Hypnotherapy, Pain Self-Efficacy, Pain Severity, Primary Dysmenorrhea
Full-Text [PDF 233 kb]   (195 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2016/12/30 | Accepted: 2017/04/25 | Published: 2017/05/5

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Volume 22, Number 1 (4-2017) Back to browse issues page