:: Volume 21, Issue 7 (10-2016) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2016, 21(7): 641-654 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Endurance, Strength and Combined Training on Lipid Profile, Insulin Resistance, and Serum Adiponectin Levels in Inactive Obese Children
AR Ramezani1, AA Gaeini2, M Hosseini1, J Mohammadi 3
1- Department of Sport Physiology, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran,
3- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran , hosseini62@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5884 Views)

Background & aim: Nowadays, Iranian lifestyles are changing, especially children may be effected by the increase of cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown that different methods of exercise are the most important determinants of cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to survey the lipid profile, insulin resistance, and adiponectin levels following eight weeks of endurance, strength and combined training in inactive obese children.

Methods: The present quasi-experimental field was conducted on Sixty obese male children (age: 8-12 years, BMI between 30-35 kg/m2 according to the World Health Organization) who were purposefully selected and randomly divided into four experimental groups of 15 individuals including endurance exercise, resistance exercise, combined exercise and control. Exercise training programs were performed four times a week for eight weeks. To assess variable changes, ANOVA with repeated measurement and one way ANOVA was used.

Results: Results showed that after three types of exercise training  the BMI, total chlostrol, TG, LDL, VLDL, and insulin resistance significantly decreased in experimental groups compared to control group (P=0.001). Serum HDL and adiponectin was significantly increased after different training in experimental groups in comparison to control group (P=0.001). 

Conclusion: According to the findings, it is suggested that among three types of exercise applied in this study, particularly, endurance training is use to prevent and reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and obesity-related disorders in inactive obese children.


Keywords: Exercise training, Obese Children, Resistance Insulin, Adiponectin, Lipid profile
Full-Text [PDF 230 kb]   (1917 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Sport Physiology
Received: 2016/07/31 | Accepted: 2016/10/11 | Published: 2016/10/11

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Volume 21, Issue 7 (10-2016) Back to browse issues page