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:: Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2015) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2015, 20(1): 43-52 Back to browse issues page
A Comparison of Behavioral Inhibition/ Activation System, Type D and Optimism in the Breast Cancer Patients and Healthy Controls
A Alipoor1, M Baradaran 2, M Alvandi Sarabi1
1- Faculty of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2- Faculty of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran , : psycho_2000mb@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3331 Views)
Background & aim: Nowadays, the role and importance of psychosocial factors on physical health, as well as the influence of personality characteristics in having psychosomatic diseases such as cancer are of interest to many researchers. In spite of increase in breast cancer in Iran, very few studies have been carried out on risk factors of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the comparative Behavioral inhibition / Activation System, type D and optimism in the breast cancer patients and healthy individuals. Methods: In the present casual-comparative study, 190 people (95 Patients and 95 Normal Subjects) were selected in Rasht, Iran. Moreover, the groups were matched for demographic characteristics (age, gender and education). All individuals diagnosed with Breast Cancer and Normal Subjects received a Gary-Wilson Personality Questionnaire, Life Orientation Test and Type D Personality Scale. Collected data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance and regression. Results: The findings revealed that there were significant differences between cancer and normal groups in behavioral inhibition/activation system, type D Personality and optimism. In this regard, the Breast Cancer group had higher scores subscales of negative affect, social inhibition, passive avoidance, extinction and fight-flight than normal group. In addition, subscales of approach, active avoidance and optimism in the normal group were more than the Breast Cancer group. Conclusion: The present study supported the role of psychological variables in breast cancer patients which is essential for improving patients’ health and quality of life.
Keywords: Breast Cancer, Behavioral Inhibition/Activation System, Type D Personality and Optimism.
Full-Text [PDF 160 kb]   (1398 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/04/5 | Accepted: 2015/04/5 | Published: 2015/04/5
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Alipoor A, Baradaran M, Alvandi Sarabi M. A Comparison of Behavioral Inhibition/ Activation System, Type D and Optimism in the Breast Cancer Patients and Healthy Controls. Armaghane danesh. 2015; 20 (1) :43-52
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-143-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 1 (4-2015) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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