:: Volume 21, Issue 2 (5-2016) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2016, 21(2): 160-173 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of 12 Sessions of Mirror Therapy on Postural Control Kinetic Variables of Amputation below the Knee in Terms of the Manipulation of Afferent Information
B Batol.mohamadtaghi@yahoo.com 1, P Hejazi Dinan2, P Shamsipour Dehkordi2
1- Department of Master of Motor behavior, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran , batol.mohamadtaghi@yahoo.com
2- Department of Master of Motor behavior, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2886 Views)


Background & aim: Mirror therapy is a relatively new intervention which focuses on moving the defective part in front of the mirror. The intervention is proposed to be an important implement to improve stability during rehabilitation program of the amputee. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of 12 sessions of mirror therapy on postural control kinetic variables of amputees when manipulating sensory information.

Methods: In the present quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest and random group design, 14 below knee amputees (n =7 control and n =7 experimental) were enrolled. The experimental group engaged in 12 session of exercise therapy in front of mirror, but the control group just did their daily routine activities without any intervention. To asses postural control, Computerized Dynamic Posturography was used which shows the balance score according to two variables of stability and displacement of the center of gravity while manipulating sensory organization in 6 conditions (absence or presence of vision, presence or manipulation of vestibular and kinesthetic information). For data analysis, multiple analysis of variance (MANOVA) with repeated measures and Bonferroni post-hoc test were used.

Results: The results indicated that postural control improved in the experimental group compared to the control group in all six sensory manipulation conditions. The balance improvement in the mirror therapy group in the first condition (existence of three senses of vision, vestibular and kinesthetic) and second condition (elimination of sight and presence of vestibular and kinesthetic information) was higher than other circumstances. Balance scores were worse in condition 6 (manipulation of vestibular and kinesthetic) in the control group compared to other sensory conditions.

Conclusion: Findings of the research revealed that 12 sessions of mirror therapy can improve balance in people with below knee amputations. Moreover, application of mirror in exercise sessions can reduce the amplitude of fluctuation and increase alignment and strategies, which helps promotion of balance control.

Keywords: Mirror Therapy, Kinetic Variable, Postural control, Amputee
Full-Text [PDF 192 kb]   (1066 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/11/21 | Accepted: 2016/04/23 | Published: 2016/05/9

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Volume 21, Issue 2 (5-2016) Back to browse issues page