[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Indexing & Abstracting::
Publication Ethics::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
Indexing & Abstracting
:: Volume 28, Issue 6 (12-2023) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2023, 28(6): 911-918 Back to browse issues page
Improving HIV/AIDS literacy in Teachers By Easy-to-Read Materials: a Brief Report
A Jalali1 , M Shams 2, S Shariatinia3 , A Sharhani4 , M Maleki5
1- Department of Health Education & Promotion, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran,
2- Department of Health Education & Promotion, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, , moshaisf@yahoo.com
3- Department of Health Education and Promotion, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran,
4- Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
Abstract:   (572 Views)
Background & aim: HIV/AIDS is a major health concern globally. Promoting HIV AIDS literacy for everyone is one of the appropriate and required measures in this regard. The present research aimed to improve HIV/AIDS literacy among male teachers in high schools of Ahvaz.

Methods: The present field-trial study was conducted on 200 male teachers of the first and second high schools of Ahvaz. The study population was randomly divided into intervention (n=100) and control (n=100) groups. The Iranian HIV/AIDS Literacy Questionnaire was used to collect data. According to easy-to-read texts and alternative communication tools strategies, HIV/AIDS Literacy intervention was developed. The intervention included developing an educational pamphlet and sending SMS to the intervention group. One month after the intervention, the questionnaire was completed again and analyzed by SPSS software using logistic regression and t-test.

Results: The age mean and standard deviation of the participants was 41.60 ± 7.80. At the baseline, the mean and standard deviation of HIV/AIDS literacy was 11.1 ± 3.46 in the intervention group and 9.63 ± 2.54 in the comparison group. After the intervention, the score of HIV/AIDS literacy significantly improved in the intervention group (P<0.001). Only marital status was the significant predictor for HIV/AIDS literacy. Analysis of the Pearson correlation coefficients showed that understanding and search skills have the strongest correlation with HIV/AIDS literacy.

Conclusion: Based on the study findings, it was concluded that promoting HIV/AIDS literacy through   the use of easily understandable texts and alternative communication tools can prove to be effective. Considering the role of teachers in transferring knowledge and skills to prevent HIV and its transmission, it is suggested to hold regular and continuous training courses for all teachers.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Health Literacy, Education
Full-Text [PDF 482 kb]   (87 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational health
Received: 2023/04/26 | Accepted: 2023/07/1 | Published: 2023/12/9
1. Chammartin F, Ostinelli CH, Anastos K, Jaquet A, Brazier E, Brown S, et al. International epidemiology databases to evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) in sub-Saharan Africa, 2012-2019. BMJ Open 2020; 10(5): e035246. ## [DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035246] [PMID] []
2. Ford N, Eshun-Wilson I, Ameyan W, Newman M, Vojnov L, Doherty M, Geng E. Future directions for HIV service delivery research: Research gaps identified through WHO guideline development. PLoS Medicine 2021;18(9): e1003812. ## [DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1003812] [PMID] []
3. Ford N, Ball A, Baggaley R, Vitoria M, Low-Beer D, Penazzato M, et al. The WHO public health approach to HIV treatment and care: looking back and looking ahead. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2018; 18(3): e76-86. ## [DOI:10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30482-6] [PMID]
4. UNAIDS. Country factsheets, Islamic Republic of Iran. 2019, available at: https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/islamicrepublicofiran. ##
5. Najafi Z, Taj L, Dadras O, Ghadimi F, Moradmand B, SeyedAlinaghi S. Epidemiology of HIV in Iran. Current HIV Research 2020; 18(4): 228-36. ## [DOI:10.2174/1570162X18666200605152317] [PMID]
6. Shariatinia S, Fararoei M, Karimzadeh Shirazi K, Shams M. Assessment of HIV literacy in 15-49 years old people in Yasuj and its related factors. Armaghane danesh 2015; 19(12): 1082-95. ##
7. Shams M, Fararouei M. Developing a Tool for Measuring HIV Literacy for Iranian Society. Journal of Ilam University of Medical Sciences 2016; 24(5): 138-50. ## [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.sjimu.24.5.138]
8. SeyedAlinaghi S, Taj L, Mazaheri-Tehrani E, Ahsani-Nasab S, Abedinzadeh N, McFarland W, et al. HIV in Iran: Onset, Responses and Future Directions. AIDS(London, England) 2021; 35(4): 529-42. ## [DOI:10.1097/QAD.0000000000002757] [PMID] []
9. Wawrzyniak AJ, Ownby RL, McCoy K, Waldrop-Valverde D. Health literacy: impact on the health of HIV-infected individuals. Current HIV/aids Reports. 2013 Dec;10:295-304. ## [DOI:10.1007/s11904-013-0178-4] [PMID] []
10. Perazzo J, Reyes D, Webel A. A systematic review of health literacy interventions for people living with HIV. AIDS and Behavior 2017; 21(3): 812-21. ## [DOI:10.1007/s10461-016-1329-6] [PMID] []
11. Cunha GH, Galvão MT, Pinheiro PN, Vieira NF. Health literacy for people living with HIV: an integrative review. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem 2017; 70: 180-8. ## [DOI:10.1590/0034-7167-2015-0052] [PMID]
12. Ciampa PJ, Vaz LM, Blevins M, Sidat M, Rothman RL, Vermund SH, et al. The association among literacy, numeracy, HIV knowledge and health-seeking behavior: a population-based survey of women in rural Mozambique. PLoS One 2012; 7(6): e39391. ## [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0039391] [PMID] []
13. Ross L, Ashford AD, Bleechington SJ, Dark T, Erwin DO. Applicability of a video intervention to increase informed decision making for prostate-specific antigen testing. Journal of the National Medical Association 2010;102(3):228-36. ## [DOI:10.1016/S0027-9684(15)30529-0] [PMID]
14. Robinson C, Graham J. Perceived Internet health literacy of HIV‐positive people through the provision of a computer and Internet health education intervention. Health Information & Libraries Journal 2010; 27(4): 295-303. ## [DOI:10.1111/j.1471-1842.2010.00898.x] [PMID]
15. Panahi R, Ramezankhani A, Tavousi M, Osmani F, Karami A, Niknami S. The effect of educational intervention on health literacy and adoption of smoking preventive behaviors among university students. J Educ Community Health 2018; 5(2): 29-37. ##
16. Merchant RC, Marks SJ, Clark MA, Carey MP, Liu T. Comparison of a video to a pictorial brochure in improving HIV and HIV testing knowledge and increasing HIV testing motivation and behavioral skills among adult emergency department patients. Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open 2020; 1(3): 202-13. ## [DOI:10.1002/emp2.12024] [PMID] []
17. Stonbraker S, Smaldone A, Luft H, Cushman LF, Lerebours Nadal L, Halpern M, Larson E. Associations between health literacy, HIV‐related knowledge, and information behavior among persons living with HIV in the Dominican Republic. Public Health Nursing 2018; 35(3): 166-75. ## [DOI:10.1111/phn.12382] [PMID] []
18. Stonbraker S, Befus M, Lerebours Nadal L, Halpern M, Larson E. Factors associated with health information seeking, processing, and use among HIV positive adults in the Dominican Republic. AIDS and Behavior 2017; 21(6): 1588-600. ## [DOI:10.1007/s10461-016-1569-5] [PMID] []
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jalali A, Shams M, Shariatinia S, Sharhani A, Maleki M. Improving HIV/AIDS literacy in Teachers By Easy-to-Read Materials: a Brief Report. armaghanj 2023; 28 (6) :911-918
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-3474-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 28, Issue 6 (12-2023) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 38 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652