:: Volume 26, Issue 2 (4-2021) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2021, 26(2): 271-278 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Occlusion of Different Teeth in Panoramic Radiography of Patients Referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic in Yasuj During 2017-2018
R Panahi1 , H Rezaei2, M Saeedi3, GH Sabz 4
1- Department of Dentistry, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Molecular Cell Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran,
3- Student Research Committee, Yasouj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
4- Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran , roghayehpanahi2@gmail.com
Abstract:   (227 Views)
Background & aim: Tooth occlusion is a common anomaly that is caused by several factors including local and systemic factors. The most common teeth that may be occluded are tertiary permanent teeth, maxillary canines, maxillary and mandibular premolars, and maxillary central incisors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of occlusion of different teeth in patients referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic in Yasuj during 2017-2018
 
Methods: In this retrospective study, 2536 digital panoramic radiographs were studied among patients who were over 14 years old and referred to the Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Clinic in Yasuj during the years 2016 to 2017. Patients with a history of trauma, developmental abnormalities, syndromic, pathological problems, and edentulousness were excluded. Radiographs were taken with the VATECH digital panoramic device (pax-i3D). The graphs were examined and a tooth was considered to be occluded, which was prevented from growing normally by a bone or a lateral tooth, as well as a tooth whose occlusal surface was visibly lower than the occlusal surface of adjacent teeth. Chi-square test was used to examine the relationship between age and type of impacted teeth and the difference between men and women in terms of impacted teeth.
 
Results: Out of 2536 patients, the maxillary molar teeth (number=57) were 2.2%, mandibular molar teeth (number = 46) 1.8%, maxillary canine (number=39), 1.5%, maxillary premolars, respectively. Number=8) 30%, canine (number=7) 3% and incisor (number=4) was 4.2%, which had the most impacted teeth related to the maxillary molars and there were no mandibular premolars and mandibular incisors in this study. There was no significant difference between age and sex in terms of latency.
 
Conclusion: Dental occlusion in Yasuj city is not considered high, and the highest prevalence of occlusion is after maxillary molars, mandibular molars and maxillary canines. Therefore, if the canine teeth do not grow in time, radiography is recommended to examine their occlusion and use appropriate treatment.
 
 
Keywords: Latency, Panoramic, Maxilla, Mandible
Full-Text [PDF 373 kb]   (12 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Dentistry
Received: 2020/02/18 | Accepted: 2021/03/9 | Published: 2021/05/8


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Volume 26, Issue 2 (4-2021) Back to browse issues page