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:: Volume 24, Issue 6 (12-2019) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2019, 24(6): 1165-1179 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Group Training Parent-Child Relationship Therapy (CPRT) for Mothers on Reducing Feeling of Loneliness among Girls with Hearing Impairment
P Ranjgar 1, A Shafiabadi2 , A Shariatmadar2
1- Department of Rehabilitation, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran, , parisa.ranjgar@yahoo.com
2- Department of Counseling, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2817 Views)

Background & aim: Hearing impairment of children is one of the disabilities which is accompanied by unpleasant psychological consequences for the child and his/her parents. The present research was aimed at investigating the effect of group training of parent-child relationship therapy (CPRT) for mothers to reduce the feeling of loneliness among daughters with hearing impairment.


Methods: The present study was an applied research type which was conducted by semi-experimental method with pretest-posttest with control group design. The research population included all female students with hearing impairment in primary deaf school of Baghcheh-Ban 2 in Tehran, 2015. The sample included 16 students with hearing impairment who were selected via available sampling method and were assigned into two eight-subject groups of experiment and control by random assignment method. Before and after the intervention, the students of both groups were assessed by Asher and colleagues’ loneliness scale (1986). Group training based on parent-child relationship therapy was delivered to mothers of the students of the experiment group in 10 2-hour sessions while the mothers of the students in the control group didn’t receive the training package until the end of the posttest phase. The data were analyzed through univariate analysis of covariance in SPSSv20.


Results: Results of the covariance analysis indicated that group training based on parent-child relationship therapy for mothers was effective in reducing loneliness among girls with hearing impairment in the experiment group. Mean scores of loneliness for the experimental group were 47.38 in the pre-test and 40.25 in the post-test. For the control group this score was 48.00 in pre-test and 49.25 in post-test. As evident, the scores of the experimental group in the post-test changed. According to the results the covariance analysis is univariate. The F value for Loneliness (F=25.53, p<0.01) indicates that the effect of training of parent-child relationship therapy is significant, meaning that after calculating the pre-test effect, difference in Loneliness between both groups was significant. Eta chi-square also shows that 66% of the changes were due to the effect of training intervention.


Conclusion: Group training based on child-parent relationship therapy(CPRT) to mothers was effective in reducing the loneliness of hearing-impaired daughters in the intervention group compared to the control group. Furthermore, CPRT is an economic and helpful method for reducing problems and enhancing the quality of the parent-child relationship and it can be used as a family-based rehabilitation method. However, No studies were found directly in line with the results of this study, nevertheless, many findings including those of Yuen, Landreth & Baggerly, Topham et al., Glazer-Waldman et al., and others, are consistent with the present study.




Keywords: Parent-Child Relationship Therapy, Loneliness, Hearing Impairment, Group Training
Full-Text [PDF 3806 kb]   (519 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2019/01/26 | Accepted: 2019/06/15 | Published: 2020/01/12
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Ranjgar P, Shafiabadi A, Shariatmadar A. The Effect of Group Training Parent-Child Relationship Therapy (CPRT) for Mothers on Reducing Feeling of Loneliness among Girls with Hearing Impairment. ارمغان دانش. 2019; 24 (6) :1165-1179
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-2426-en.html

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Volume 24, Issue 6 (12-2019) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane Danesh
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