[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2010) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2010, 15(3): 262-272 Back to browse issues page
Seroepidemiological Study of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar) in Ardabil Province, Iran, 1986 – 2009
S Molaie , M Mohebali, A Gangi, F Pourfarzi, D Emdadi, N Modarres - sadrani, M Nasiri, Gh Soleimanzadeh, M Farajzadeh, Z Zarei
Abstract:   (1866 Views)
Introduction & Objective: Visceral Leishmaniasis (kala-azar) is the most important endemic disease in Northwestern Iran, particularly in Ardabil province. This study aimed to review the seroepidemiological studies which have been performed in Ardabil province during 1986-2009. Materials & Methods: In this descriptive analytical study, studies which have been carried out from 1986 through 2009 in Northwestern Iran about clinical, diagnostic and epidemiological features of Kala azar, using DAT, were reviewed. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS software. Results: in total, 2703 of human visceral leishmaniasis were detected by direct agglutination test (DAT) in Ardabil province, 1787 (66.1%) of them were from Meshkin-shahr district, 837 (31%) cases were from Moghan district, and 79 (2.9%) cases were from Ardabil district. Ninety eight percent of the cases were under 10 years old while only 0.5% of the VL cases were ≥20 years old and 17% of them were under 1 year of age. Conclusion: Currently Kala-Azar is the most important endemic disease in Northwestern Iran, particularly in Ardabil province. Anti-Leishmania antibodies at the titers of ≥1:3200 using DAT along with clinical signs including fever, anemia and hepatosplenomegaly are considered as active visceral leishmaniasis. DAT antibody titer of 1/800 and lower and absent of clinical signs is considered as negative VL.
Keywords: Visceral Leishmaniasis (kala-azar), seroepidemiology, Human
Full-Text [PDF 166 kb]   (669 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/05/5 | Accepted: 2015/05/5 | Published: 2015/05/5
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Molaie S, Mohebali M, Gangi A, Pourfarzi F, Emdadi D, Modarres - sadrani N, et al . Seroepidemiological Study of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-azar) in Ardabil Province, Iran, 1986 – 2009. Armaghane danesh. 2010; 15 (3) :262-272
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-473-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 3 (10-2010) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3877