:: Volume 22, Issue 6 (2-2018) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2018, 22(6): 804-811 Back to browse issues page
A Case Report: Acute Kidney Injury and Cardiac Arrest After Poisoning with the Uncommon Type of Rodenticide (zinc Phosphide) in Yasouj
S Hasanzadeh1, M Sedaghat talab1, M Tahmasebi2, A Arya1, M Rohani3, E Masnavi3, S Jokar 4
1- Department of Internal Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2- Department of Emergency Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran,
3- Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
4- Department of Internal Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran , jokar4132@gmail.com
Abstract:   (85272 Views)
Background and Aim:  Zinc phosphate is a solid gray chemical compound whose commercial sample is dark or even black and white. Severe hypertension and cardiac poisoning are the most serious complications of zinc phosphate poisoning and are associated with a high mortality rate. Poisoning with zinc phosphide as a rat poison, which has similar effects to aluminum phosphide tabletsis is uncommon. The report relates to a death case following poisoning with zinc phosphide mice.
Case Report: The patient was a young 18-year-old man who was admitted to suicide attempted at hospital. Due to the lack of toxic poison, the patient was treated with supravavalin as probable toxicity. After several hours of admission, his level of consciousness was reduced with deep breathing. In the tests after the onset of shortness of breath, pH was 6.94, HCO3: 4.9, blood sugar 21, creatinine 6.1 and BUN: 24. Then, the zinc phosphate was detected. Despite the onset of treatment, after 1 hour, the patient suffered from cardiopulmonary arrest and eventually died.
Conclusion: Poisoning with zinc phosphide can cause acute renal failure. Considering that phosphide is one of the poisonous toxins of rodents, especially in rat poison, toxic poisoning with phosphodies is also recommended in poisonous toxin poisoning cases.
Keywords: Poisoning, zinc phosphide, Rodenticide. Acute Kidney Injury
Full-Text [PDF 398 kb]   (1592 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Internist
Received: 2017/07/21 | Accepted: 2018/01/12 | Published: 2018/01/22

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Volume 22, Issue 6 (2-2018) Back to browse issues page