:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (8-2017) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2017, 22(3): 350-363 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Group Based Hope Therapy on Resiliency of Mothers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
A Salimi 1, A Abbasi 2, K Zahrakar 1, B Tameh 3, R Davarniya 4
1- 1Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2- 2Department of Counseling, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran,
3- 3Department of Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4- 1Department of Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran, , rezadavarniya@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2387 Views)
Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder has been characterized by problems in social function, communication and having repetitive and stereotype behaviors. Due to ample problems of such children, families and particularly mothers suffer from much tensions and psychological pressures. The present research was designed and conducted by the aim of investigating the effect of group-based hope therapy on resilience in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. 
Materials and method: The present research was a semi-experimental intervention which was conducted by using a pretest-posttest with control group design. The research population included all the mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder referring to Nedaye-Asr rehabilitation center (specialized for autism children), whose children were diagnosed to have autism disorder by psychiatrist, pediatrician and clinical psychologist. 30 mothers with autistic children were selected by available sampling method and were assigned into experiment and control groups through random assignment method. For collecting the data, the Connor- Davidson Resiliency Scale (2003) was used. After taking the pretest, subjects of the experiment group received 8 sessions of group-based hope therapy, while the control group were put in the waiting list. After finishing the sessions, the posttest was taken from both groups. The research data were analyzed by univariate covariance analysis test (ANCOVA) by using SPSS v18.
Results: The results of single-variable covariance analysis showed a significant difference in the resilience of the experimental and control group in the post-test (p <0.01). In other words, group hoped-up sessions increased the resilience of mothers in the intervention group (F = 121.76).
Conclusion:  It is recommended that Autistic Children's Centers across the country use an Interventional Hope Therapy Package to reduce psychological problems and promote the mental health of their parents.
Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Hope, Therapy
Full-Text [PDF 170 kb]   (1219 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2017/04/15 | Accepted: 2017/07/14 | Published: 2017/07/25

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Volume 22, Issue 3 (8-2017) Back to browse issues page