:: Volume 23, Issue 6 (1-2019) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2019, 23(6): 747-764 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Sub-Maximal Aerobic Exercises on Improvement of Urinary Control, Balance and Aerobic Power in Elderly Women
F Pelangi1 , K Salehzadeh 2
1- Department of Sport Sciences, Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan, Tabriz, Iran
2- Department of Sport Sciences, Shahid Madani University of Azarbaijan, Tabriz, Iran , salehzadeh@azaruniv.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1279 Views)

Background & aim: With the increasing number of elderly people, the prevalence of physical disabilities is increasing, which has caught the attention of care, health and social systems. One of the common problems in aging is the reduction of balance and posture disorder, joint instability, decreased muscle nervous function, muscle mass, strength, motor endurance, aerobic capacity, and increased incontinence and urinary frequency. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of subarachnoid aerobic exercises on urinary control, balance and aerobic capacity of elderly women.


Methods: The present is a case-control study was conducted in two stages: pre-test and post-test. The statistical population of the study were women with urinary incontinence problems in Urmia who volunteered to participate in this research after being called in health centers. Based on the criteria for entering the study, twenty-four women aged 60 to 65 years old were selected. Familiarization with the method of conducting the study was done 24 hours prior to the beginning of the training, and then completed with the consent and urinary incontinence questionnaire. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups of aerobic training group and the control group. In the next step, the participants were asked to complete the health and urinary incontinence questionnaires 24 hours before the onset of the exercise program. The experimental group performed 12 weeks of aerobic exercises and completed the questionnaires again 24 hours after the 6th and 12th sessions. First, the K-S test confirmed the naturality of the data. Data were analyzed by paired t-test and one way ANOVA.


Results: No significant difference was seen in the aerobic group after 12 weeks of aerobic training in volume and frequency of subjects (p=1), but in the closed static balance (p=0.001), open eye balance (p=0.001), dynamic balance (p=0.001) and aerobic capacity (p=0.001).


Conclusion: Subarachnoid aerobic exercises had no significant effect on the incontinence and frequency of urination in elderly women. However, due to the greater influence on the aerobic capacity and balance of elderly women, it is suggested that this practice be used to improve the quality of life of these individuals.


Keywords: Sub-maximal aerobic exercise, Urinary tract control, Balance, Aerobic capacity, Elderly
Full-Text [PDF 417 kb]   (236 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Sport Physiology
Received: 2017/04/15 | Accepted: 2018/11/3 | Published: 2018/12/25

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Volume 23, Issue 6 (1-2019) Back to browse issues page