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:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (8-2017) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2017, 22(3): 364-374 Back to browse issues page
Effect of the Implementation of a Theory-Based Educational Program on the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases in Women Aged 30 to 45
S Darabi 1, K Karimzadeh Shirazi 2, M Akbar Tabareti 3, Mousavizadeh SA 2, S Zamani 4
1- Student Research Committee, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran,
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran,
3- Department of Nutrition, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
4- Nutrition Department, Shaheed Damedeh Health Center, Yasuj University Of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.
Abstract:   (647 Views)

Abstract

 

Background & aim: Cardiovascular disease is a non-communicable disease that is caused by several factors. Today, cardiovascular disease is the main cause of inability and mortality in many countries, so that prevention is one of the issues discussed by the World Health Organization. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational intervention based on health belief model on prevention of cardiovascular diseases in women aged 30-30 years old in the city of sisakht.

Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 137 women aged 30-45 years who attended the Sisakht Health Center. The participants were selected through systematic random sampling. Women population was identified and divided into 6 blocks. Subjects were randomly selected according to the population of each block. Information collected was conducted by inventory and registration of health food three days before and two months after the training. Educational methods included lectures, questions and answers, counseling, and educational tools such as pamphlets, posters, instructional manuals, and film was used. Based on the analysis, the educational content was prepared. The intervention program included 6 educational sessions based on the health belief model which was held weekly by a meeting. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, paired t-test, correlation and ANOVA.

Results: Based on the results, educational intervention significantly increased the knowledge scores and health belief model structures, except barriers structure (p <0.05) were perceived. Mean consumption of calories, carbohydrates, lipid, fatty acids, salt and bread and cereal groups decreased, and milk and dairy and vegetable groups was increased (P <0.05).

 

Conclusion: Regarding the effective role of educational intervention in increasing awareness and improving the beliefs of women aged 30-45 years, it can be concluded that education in these women is very effective in promoting cardiovascular disease prevention.

 

Keywords: education, health belief model, nutritional behavior, cardiovascular disease, women
Full-Text [PDF 164 kb]   (176 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Educational health
Received: 2017/02/26 | Accepted: 2017/07/23 | Published: 2017/07/25
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Darabi S, Karimzadeh Shirazi K, Akbar Tabareti M, SA M, Zamani S. Effect of the Implementation of a Theory-Based Educational Program on the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases in Women Aged 30 to 45. Armaghane danesh. 2017; 22 (3) :364-374
URL: http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-1715-en.html


Volume 22, Issue 3 (8-2017) Back to browse issues page
ارمغان دانش Armaghane danesh
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