:: Volume 22, Issue 4 (10-2017) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2017, 22(4): 542-556 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Religiosity, Humor and Type-D Personality with General Health of Patients with Heart Disease
A Ghadiri 1, GH Askarizadeh 2, M Bagheri 1
1- Department of Psychology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran , gh.askarizadeh@uk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1700 Views)
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the most and common cause of death and debilitation worldwide. Psychological factors compose more than 50 percent of the factors affecting heart diseases. Therefore, this research has been performed aiming to investigate the relationship between religiosity, humor styles and Type- D Personality with general health in the patients with heart disease.
Methods: This study is descriptive of correlation type. The statistical population of this research includes all patients with heart disease is the city of Yazd in the years 2016. The study sample consisted of 210 patients with heart failure who were selected by means of verge criteria and were selected by purposeful sampling and based on the Kerjesy and Morgan tables. Research variables Measurement tools are included Serajzadeh questionnaire with 24 items of religiosity (DS-14), Martin’s 32-items questionnaire of humor (HSQ-R), Denollet’s type D personality questionnaire, and Goldberg28 items General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Data was analyzed Using SPSS and AMOS Statistical softwares and path analysis within the framework of structural modeling.
Results: The results of data analysis showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between the affective religiosity (b=0.08; P<0.05), other component of religiosity Other components of religiosity including religious beliefs, consequential religions and religious rituals do not show a significant relationship with general health (P>0.05). Affiliative humor had positive and significant relationship with general health (b=0.18; P<0.05), While other humor styles, including self-enhancing wit, aggressive humor and selfish wit, do not show a meaningful relationship with general health (P>0.05). Finally, two component of type D personality including social inhibition (b=-0.20; P<0.01), and negative affect (b=-0.28; P<0.01), have a negative and significant relationship with general health.
Conclusion: Base on the result of this research affective religiosity, affiliative humor styles, and Type- D personality are important and affecting risk factors in the general health of patients with heart disease. So, by recognizing such factors, the individuals predisposed to this disease can be identified for preventative measures and helping in treatment.
Keywords: Religiosity, Humor Styles, Type- D Personality, General Health, Patients with Heart Disease
Full-Text [PDF 683 kb]   (345 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2016/09/21 | Accepted: 2017/09/18 | Published: 2017/09/28

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Volume 22, Issue 4 (10-2017) Back to browse issues page