:: Volume 22, Issue 6 (2-2018) ::
__Armaghane Danesh__ 2018, 22(6): 792-803 Back to browse issues page
The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy on Coping and Self-Control Styles in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
E Sadri Damirchi 1, M Aghazadehasl2
1- Department of Educational Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardebil, Iran, , araz_sadri@yahoo.com
2- Department of Clinical Psychology, Urmia University, Urmia Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (4788 Views)
Background and Aim: Multiple sclerosis is one of the most common chronic diseases of the central nervous system. In recent years there have been a growing number of diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive and behavioral group therapy on coping styles and self-control in patients with multiple sclerosis in Urmia
Methods: This was a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest design with control group. The statistical population of this study was all patients with MS. In Urmia, in the year  of 1395. There were 30 patients in the experimental group and one in control group (15 in each group).  Using randomized simple sampling and drafted random sampling They were selected by referring to the MS Society. Before the implementation of the educational programs, the two groups were tested by the Andler & Parker Coping Style Questionnaire and Tangie's self-control styles, then they were trained for the experimental group of cognitive-behavioral therapy and the control group did not receive any training. After conducting educational programs, both groups were tested by questionnaires. Covariance analysis was used to analyze the data
Results: The results of this study showed that cognitive-therapist treatment has an effect on coping styles and self-control in MS patients. In the other words, cognitive-behavioral therapy increased the problem-oriented coping style (p <0.004) and decreased emotional-focused coping style (p <0.004), avoidant coping style (p <0.005) ) and self-control (p <0.002) in patients.
Conclusion: The results emphasize the importance of these interventions in MS patients and the presentation of new horizons in interventions.
Keywords: Coping strategies, Self-control, Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Multiple sclerosis
Full-Text [PDF 149 kb]   (2506 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2016/05/16 | Accepted: 2017/10/27 | Published: 2018/01/22

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Volume 22, Issue 6 (2-2018) Back to browse issues page